|Editor's Note: The various comments, rules, etc. that
follow are those published in 1980 and are not valid
today with the Australian Hibiscus Society Incorporated
although many will be largely unchanged. They are printed
here to be historically accurate to the original
publication and to provide notional comparisons with what
This nomenclature covers the varieties commercially
grown in Australia. Obviously there are some I would have
missed, due to lack of forthcoming information. There
will be a supplement to this nomenclature each 12 months.
If information comes forward on any varieties missed, it
will appear in the next supplement.
At the rear of this nomenclature there is a list of
registered names ot Australian seedlings either
undergoing trials or with insuffucient information
available for inclusion at the time of printing this
book. Those acceptable will appear in the next
supplement. There is also a list of commercially inactive
varieties. If, or when, any regain popularity, they would
also be included in further nomenclature supplements.
ABBREVIATIONS IN NOMENCLATURE
H. U. S. A. = Hawaii, United
States of America
U. S. A. = United States of America
AUK. N.Z. = Auckland, New Zealand
W.A. AUST. = Western Australia
VIC. AUST. = Victoria, Australia
N.S.W. AUST. = New South Wales, Australia
QLD. AUST. = Queensland, Australia
This is an attempt to consolidate criteria available
on the description and registration of new varieties of
hibiscus. It is hoped that by so doing, it will
facilitate the work of the Nomenclature Committee and
hybridizers, and resolve some of the questions and
uncertainties which have occurred in the past.
The British Royal Horticultural Society (R.H.S.)
colour chart is the official colour reference tor the
Australian Hibiscus Society. it is the most comprehensive
available at this time. It is recommended that each
interested person has a chart available for use.
Charts may be purchased by contacting the Royal
Horticultural Society, London, England.
In describing a Hibiscus bloom, the following
points should be kept in mind:
SIZE:- Sizes listed
should be AVERAGE, as obtained from average
garden grown plants, during normal warm
COLOUR:- The colour also
should be taken from a normal first day
warm-weather bloom, grown under normal,
average conditions in natural light.
The following is a list of
terms used in nomenclature, and their
1. RUFFLED. Frilly, ruffled
edges on petals or foliage.
2. TUFTED. Small upstanding creases in side
edge of petals.
3. PUBESCENT. This term means hairy. It can
occur on the reverse or face of a leaf, or
both. Also on blooms.
4. CRIPPLE. This term refers to a bloom that
will occasionally have a wide separation or
distortion in the base petals thus
interrupting their symmetry.
5. SELF-COLOURED. This means simply that the
portion of the bloom referred to is the same
as the main colour of that bloom.
6. OVERLAPPED. Petals lap over one another.
7. OVERLAYIOR OVERLAID. Refers to colour that
appears to be laid over another more
8. STIGMA PADS. The small velvety, coloured
pads on the tip of the staminal column.
9. STAMINAL COLUMN. The long column below the
stigma pads extending to the eye zone of the
10. ZONE/EYE ZONE. The area at the base of
the staminal column.
11. CENTRE. The area at the base of the
staminal column and forming a distinct,
defined area of colour.
12. SWIRLED CENTRE. The area at the base of
the stamina[ column and forming a distinct,
defined area of colour but giving a windmill
13. HALO. The area on the outer side of a
centre and forming a complete circle around
14. FLAT. Applies to blooms that hold a firm,
15. FUNNEL. Having a cone-shaped appearance.
16. INCURVED. Can apply to outer petals of
bloom or the outer edge of the leaf curving
17. RECURVED. Can apply to outer petals of
bloom or the outer edge of the leaf curving
18. LOOSE. Refers to the petaloids of a
semi-double or double which are few in
number, giving the effect of looseness or
19. CALYX. The part of the bloom immediately
below the petal structure, green in colour
and made Up of five sepals.
20. EPICALYX. Five bracts below the calyx,
resembling an extra outer calyx.
21 SEED CAPSULE. The small, mound-like
structure within the calyx where the seeds
22. LEAF SIZE. The sizes given for foliage
are taken from mature leaves.
23. DISTORTED. Applies to leaves with an
24. RENIFORM. Applies to leaves having a
25. CUPPED LEAF. Foliage is not flat, but
cups almost in a circle.
26. HETEROPHYLLOUS. Having considerable
variation in juvenile leaf formation on bush
(see Leaf illustration).
27. PETIOLE. The stalk or stem of a leaf.
28. MINIATURE. Any bloom that is normally 10
cm (4 in) in diameter or less.
29. RECUMBENT. Applies to branches having a
tendency to sweep or lie to the ground.
OF A NOMENCLATURE COMMITEE
1. Anyone wishing to register a new
cultivar will contact the Australian Hibiscus
Society Nomenclature Committee to arrange for
them to observe and evaluate its bloom and
characteristics. If it is approved for
registration, the individual will furnish the
committee chairman with written permission
for use of name proposed.
2. As there are many names already
registered with the A.H.S. Committee, it is
essential you check first before putting a
name to a hibiscus.
3. Each member of the committee will fill
out and sign a copy of the evaluation form
available from A.H.S. and supervise the
making of, or review for accuracy and
completeness, the description of bloom and
4. All copies of the evaluation form,
completed description form, the written
permission for use of name, and the proper
registration will then be forwarded to the
International Co-ordinator of A.H.S.
5. Make up, and forward to the
International Committee of A.H.S.
descriptions of any variety commonly grown in
their local area and considered worth while,
and which is not currently listed in the
FOR REGISTERING NEW CULTIVARS
1 . No hibiscus cultivar shall be accepted
for registration bearing a number rather than
an accepted name.
2. No hibiscus cultivar shall be accepted
for registration or listing if it bears any
name that has ever been used previously, even
though the previouscultivar isextinct.
3. No hibiscus cultivar shall be accepted
for registration or listing bearina the
prefix Dr., Prof., etc. but should be Doctor
or Professor in full, not Mt. but Mountain
etc., as the former practice is frowned upon
by the International Nomenclature Commission.
4. The British Royal Horticultural Colour
Chart is permanently adopted as the standard
colour authority of the Australian Hibiscus
For further information contact
The Australian Hibiscus Society.
TYPES FOR NOMENCLATURE IDENTIFICATION
1. CARTWHEEL OVERLAPPED SINGLE. Petals
completely overlapped to tips, giving a
2. REGULAR SINGLE. Petals separated for
less than half the distance from outer edge
3. WINDMILL SINGLE. Petals narrow and
separated for nearly their entire length.
4. FRINGED SINGLE. Edges of petals split
and fringed. Stamina] column long and
pendulous. This type includes H.
schizopetalus and its hybrids.
5. CRESTED SINGLE. Basic type may be any
of above, but normal blooms exhibit petaloids
on top end of staminal column forming a
perfect crest. This does not include many
varieties that may occasionally show a
6. CRESTED SEMI-DOUBLE. Loose double
appearance, with petaloids arising from
staminal column. Stigma pads usually present.
7. CUP AND SAUCER. Outside guard petals
follow single form. Centre tuft of petaloids
all arise from centre and are distinctly
separated from guard petals.
8. SEMI-DOUBLE. Loose petal formation with
few petals that may be twisted or quilled.
All petals form from base of bloom. Staminal
column may be missing.
9. FULL DOUBLE. Many petals and petaloids
in a tight formation, giving a full
ball-shaped appearance. Staminal column
usually missing. No flat under petals
standing out. Sometimes with 5 florets in
10. DOUBLE. Many petals and petaloids in a
tight formation, giving a ball-type
appearance on top of a flat circle of petals,
which stands out. Staminal column usually
11. FLUTED - HOSE-IN-HOSE. Can be single
or double, petals are soft on edges,
wave-like. Hose-in-Hose, a layer of flat
petals on top of five base petals. (as one
flower on top of another).
12. UNCLASSIFIED. Not as any above
description -a full description must be
supplied. (See illustrations).
GUIDE REQUIRED BY NOMENCLATURE COMMITTEE
1. Name of hibiscus.
2. Has this hibiscus been known under any
3. Bloom:- Single, cartwheel, overlapped,
regular, windmill, fringed, crested single,
crested semidouble, or semi-double, double,
double cup and saucer, full double, fluted.
(to be taken from illustrations.)
4. Origin, if known, and parentage, if
known, (e.g.) female first x male next.
5. Size of bloom in centimetres and
6. Texture of bloom:- (e.g.) heavy,
7. Form of bloom:- (e.g.) fully
overlapped, overlapped, partly overlapped,
8. Bloom shape:- (e.g.) flat, funnel,
9. General descriptions:- sheeny, crepey,
fluted, heavily ruffled, ruffled, slightly
ruffled, highly tufted, tufted, very prolific
bloomer, prolific bloomer, fair bloomer, one,
two or three day flower, blooms on old wood
or new wood, full sun or part shade tolerant.
10. Visual colour:- stigma pads, staminal
column, eye, eye zone or centre, halo, to
other colours to edge of petals, veins if
any, reverse colour of petals.
11. Royal Horticultural Colour Chart
description next. If no colour chart
available, accurate visual colour description
12. Whether bloom is:- Uni-coloured (1
colour); Bicoloured (2 colours); Tri-coloured
(3 colours); Quadri-coloured (4 colours);
Quinary-coloured (5 colours); Hexa-coloured
(6 colours); Septa-coloured (7 colours);
Octa-coloured (8 colours); Nona-coloured (9
colours); Deca-coloured (10 colours).
13. Holds colour or fades on first or
14. Bud dropper or not.
15. Bush:- Very tall, tall, medium tall,
medium, medium/ low, low recumbent. Upright,
bushy, caney, woody, slightly woody, woody or
slightly woody at base. Very fast grower,
fast grower, medium grower, slow grower on
own roots, grows well on own roots. Best
grafted, grafting optional. Sun or shade
16. Leaf descriptions:-
Colour: Dark, medium or light green.
Size: Extra large, large, large/medium,
medium/ large, medium, medium/small,
Texture: Heavy, medium/heavy, medium,
Gloss: Very glossy, glossy, ordinary,
Type: Flat, recurved, distorted, slightly
distorted. cupped, slightly cupped,
Full Leaf: Leaf outlines, tips, margins,
lobation if any.
Outlines: (To be taken from
Leaf Veins: Prominent veins or not.
(Note: Many details are no
First published 1980
James Malcolm Howie
37 Highgate Street
Text, photographs and illustrations by
©1980 Jim Howie.
All rights reserved. No part of this
publication may be produced, stored in a
retrieval system or transmitted in any
form or by any means electronic,
mechanical, photocopying, recording or
otherwise without the prior written
permission of the author.
National Library of Australia card
number and ISBN ISBN 09594938 0 8
ISBN 0 9594938 2 4
Australian Standard Book Numbering
Agency National Library of Australia
Canberra, A.C.T. 2600
Printed by Prestige Litho Printing Co.